Reports & Publications

IEA article: Fossil fuel subsidies create an uneven playing field for clean energy

IEA article: Fossil fuel subsidies create an uneven playing field for clean energy

It continues to be worthwhile to read IEA articles and commentaries on various energy developments.

In a recent article by the IEA (for details click here), the authors emphasise the fact that fossil fuel subsidies are creating an uneven playing field for clean energy. IEA organisation monitors energy prices that consumers pay around the world, and compares them with so-called reference prices. In this way the IEA estimates the size of subsidies over time.

In the context of aiming for a sustainable world, this article shows that there is still quite some work to do internationally.

(IEA: International Energy Agency)

Energy Post / IRENA: 18 energy transition scenarios to watch: where they agree and disagree

Energy Post / IRENA: 18 energy transition scenarios to watch: where they agree and disagree

Senior representatives of IRENA recently published a very interesting article in Energy Post. For further details, please click here.

In any case, I like to refer the readers to the interesting website of IRENA, full with relevant news articles, and their latest report: “World Energy Transitions Outlook: 1.5°C Pathway (Preview)”. For further information, please click here.

(IRENA : International Renewable Energy Agency)

IEA latest report: pathway to net zero by 2050 is narrow but achievable

IEA latest report: pathway to net zero by 2050 is narrow but achievable

Despite an interesting recent article in the Dutch FD (*), by Mathijs Bouman, on the accuracy of forecasting by IEA, I continue to find the IEA reports very worthwhile to read and reflect upon. There is indeed a potential danger that, in case forecasts are too pessimistic, this could create unwanted actions. Nevertheless, it’s better to be safe than sorry with all negative consequences. (*): the article published in FD (Financial Daily newspaper) on May 15, 2021 outlined the views of a columnist that the advance of solar energy is systematically underestimated by the IEA.

IEA reported, amongst others, the following insights:

“Climate pledges by governments to date – even if fully achieved – are well short of what’s required to bring global energy-related carbon dioxide emissions to net zero by 2050.”

“Our pathway requires the immediate and massive deployment of all available clean and efficient energy technologies. That includes annual additions of solar PV to reaching 630 gigawatts by 2030, and those of wind power reaching 390 gigawatts. Together, that’s four times the record level set in 2020.”

“Most of the global reductions in CO2 emissions between now and 2030 in our net zero pathway come from technologies already on the market today. But in 2050, almost half the reductions come from technologies that are currently only at the demonstration or prototype phase. This calls for major innovation progress this decade.”

For more information, please click here.

Some relevant quotes from the IEA’s Global Energy Review 2021

Some relevant quotes from the IEA’s Global Energy Review 2021

  • “A rise in CO2 emissions of almost 5% in 2021 compared to 2020.”
  • “Global energy demand is set to increase by 4.6% in 2021, more than offsetting the 4% contraction in 2020 and pushing demand 0.5% above 2019 levels.”
  • “Demand for renewables grew by 3% in 2020 and is set to increase across all key sectors – power, heating, industry and transport – in 2021. The power sector leads the way, with its demand for renewables on course to expand by more than 8% in 2021.”
  • “Solar PV and wind are expected to contribute two-thirds of renewables’ growth.”

Food for thought when reading the latest message from the UN Secretary-General, António Guterres, made at the opening of the recent 2-day Leaders’ Summit on Climate, who called on leaders everywhere to take urgent climate action:  “Mother Nature is not waiting”, he said. “We need a green planet — but the world is on red alert.” Click here for more details.

For further details, please refer to: https://www.iea.org/reports/global-energy-review-2021

IEA-COP26 Net Zero Summit on March 31, 2021

IEA-COP26 Net Zero Summit on March 31, 2021

We recommend readers to refer to the summary and video of the IEA, by clicking attached link.

The Summit is an important event on the road to COP26 in Glasgow in November 2021. It brought together decisionmakers and representatives of more than 40 countries covering more than 80% of global GDP, population and emissions. Focus was on the critical need for international collaboration and policy implementation to accelerate clean energy transitions. On May 18, the IEA will publish a wide-ranging roadmap for the global energy sector to reach net-zero emissions by 2050. Good to continue monitoring these important developments.

Role of nuclear energy in the energy transition

Role of nuclear energy in the energy transition

We read with interest a recent article in the Dutch newspaper FD, in which prominent figures of the political party D66 advise the next Dutch government to seriously consider a role for nuclear energy from 2030. Our advice is to do this from a European perspective.

We would therefore like to recommend the politicians and readers of this website to also read the 2010 study by the European Climate Foundation (ECF). We have written about this before in previous blogs, but we would like to make reference to the Roadmap 2050 website again; https://www.roadmap2050.eu/.  The various reports (Roadmap 2050 (click here), Power Perspective 2030 (click here)) also clearly describe the role of nuclear energy. We understand the concerns and questions about how to deal with radioactive waste, but we believe that responsible solutions are (will be) available.

TenneT report: Monitoring security of supply of electricity in the Netherlands

TenneT report: Monitoring security of supply of electricity in the Netherlands

Security of supply of electricity is not an issue in the short term in the Netherlands. In the context of the (hopefully) growing energy transition and the greater dependency on generated renewable energy (wind and solar), the very interesting TenneT report provides useful observations and advice.

This report shows the need for an effective integrated European energy policy. Interconnections between countries are crucial here. The report also shows the need for good monitoring methodologies. For more information, we refer to the website of TenneT which also contains summaries in English: https://www.tennet.eu/nl/bedrijf/publicaties/rapport-monitoring-leveringszekerheid/

If we reflect on the TenneT report, the study by the European Climate Foundation (ECF) from 2010, in which KEMA has been involved, comes to mind. We have already written about this in previous blogs, but we would like to make reference again to the Roadmap 2050 website; https://www.roadmap2050.eu/. It is certainly worthwhile to read and reflect on the different studies, even though we are now 11 years later.

Potential of Green Hydrogen

Potential of Green Hydrogen

As can be viewed from previous blogs, we keep a close eye on the Hydrogen developments worldwide.

The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) shows on their website an extremely useful overview of the possibilities and applications of Green Hydrogen. Furthermore it makes a good distinction between Fossil fuel based grey hydrogen, blue hydrogen, turquoise hydrogen and green hydrogen. Costs developments are elaborated and show the full potential in the areas of energy transition. For further detail, please click here ….

Notes:  the various types of Hydrogen are nicely shown by IRENA on their website:

  • Fossil fuel based grey hydrogen (source = methane of coal; process = steam methane reforming (SMR) or gasification).
  • Blue hydrogen (source = methane or coal; process = SMR or gasification with carbon capture).
  • Turquoise hydrogen (source = methane; process = pyrolysis).
  • Green hydrogen (source = renewable electricity (e.g. offshore wind energy and solar energy); process = electrolysis).
  • Majority of hydrogen produced today is grey hydrogen, but the potential for green hydrogen is huge.

We also refer to previous articles on our website:

Other interesting references are:

World Meteorological Organization (WMO): “Carbon dioxide levels continue at record levels, despite COVID-19 lockdown”

World Meteorological Organization (WMO): “Carbon dioxide levels continue at record levels, despite COVID-19 lockdown”

The WMO always reports very relevant information. In one of their latest bulletins, the following, amongst others, was stated:

“Carbon dioxide levels saw another growth spurt in 2019 and the annual global average breached the significant threshold of 410 parts per million, according to the WMO Greenhouse Gas Bulletin. The rise has continued in 2020. Since 1990, there has been a 45% increase in total radiative forcing – the warming effect on the climate – by long-lived greenhouse gases, with CO2 accounting for four fifths of this.”

 “Carbon dioxide remains in the atmosphere for centuries and in the ocean for even longer. The last time the Earth experienced a comparable concentration of CO2 was 3-5 million years ago, when the temperature was 2-3°C warmer and sea level was 10-20 meters higher than now. But there weren’t 7.7 billion inhabitants,” said WMO Secretary-General Professor Petteri Taalas.

 “We breached the global threshold of 400 parts per million in 2015. And just four years later, we crossed 410 ppm. Such a rate of increase has never been seen in the history of our records. The lockdown-related fall in emissions is just a tiny blip on the long-term graph. We need a sustained flattening of the curve,” said Prof Taalas. “The COVID-19 pandemic is not a solution for climate change. However, it does provide us with a platform for more sustained and ambitious climate action to reduce emissions to net zero through a complete transformation of our industrial, energy and transport systems.  The needed changes are economically affordable and technically possible and would affect our everyday life only marginally. It is to be welcomed that a growing number of countries and companies have committed themselves to carbon neutrality,” he said. “There is no time to lose.”

Please read the WMO Greenhouse Gas Bulletin, by clicking here.

For an general overview of facts and figures including graphs, please click here.

Please realise that the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is the United Nations System’s authoritative voice on Weather, Climate and Water.